Last Updated: January 17, 2023, 21:24 IST
The variety of Rohingya fleeing Myanmar or Bangladesh by sea surged fivefold to greater than 3,500 in 2022 from a 12 months earlier, the U.N. refugee company stated on Tuesday, in the deadliest 12 months for the ethnic minority group at since 2014.
At least 348 Rohingya died or went lacking as they tried to cross the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal final 12 months, with the determine reaching alarming ranges after the sinking of a ship in December, with all 180 Rohingya Muslims on board presumed lifeless, the UNHCR stated in an announcement.
“They undertake harmful sea journeys in search of safety, safety, household reunification, and livelihoods in different nations. Growing desperation in Myanmar and Bangladesh seems to have pushed the rising numbers enterprise sea journeys in 2022,” the agency said.
The Rohingya, a mostly Muslim minority group that has lived in Myanmar for centuries but has been denied citizenship in the Buddhist-majority nation since 1982, are seen as illegal immigrants from South Asia.
Nearly 1 million Rohingya from Myanmar are additionally living in crowded facilities in Muslim-majority Bangladesh, including tens of thousands who fled Myanmar after its military conducted a deadly crackdown in 2017.
Most boats carrying the Rohingya departed from Myanmar and Bangladesh, the UNHCR said, and those on board disembarked primarily in Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia and Bangladesh.
In 2014, more than 700 people were estimated to have lost their lives or were missing with nearly 60,000 taking the risky sea journeys, an UNHCR spokesperson told Reuters.
The number of women and children undertaking the dangerous sea journeys rose by 7% last year from 2021, and comprised nearly 45% of those disembarking.
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