The bilateral relationship between India and China has been strained on account of a historical past of China’s non-adherence to strategic agreements. And this pressure has turn into notably evident in 2023. The Galwan Valley conflict in 2020 and subsequent incidents on the Line of Actual Control have prompted Indian forces to accentuate efforts to safe the worldwide border, particularly in the japanese Ladakh sector.
Against this backdrop, the 19th spherical of corps commander-level talks is scheduled between the 2 international locations on August 14, simply forward of Independence Day. The agenda contains discussions on disengagement and de-escalation, in addition to deliberations on reverting to pre-Galwan conflict situations.
Despite challenges posed by greater altitudes and troublesome terrain, the Indian Air Force has deployed superior plane and surveillance methods to carefully monitor China. Strategically positioned fighter plane akin to Rafale, Sukhoi Su-30MKI and MiG-29 have been deployed in proximity to ahead areas.
“After the Galwan incident, the Indian Air Force executed a series of operations, including fighter aircraft as well as airlift operations, and extensive surveillance activities. Since then, our strategy and deployment in the region have evolved. Today, our capabilities extend beyond fighter aircraft and helicopters. We have deployed remotely operated vehicles (ROV), radars and air warriors for electronic surveillance, intelligence gathering and real-time monitoring,” mentioned an official on the latest developments on the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
While China continues its improvement exercise alongside the LAC, the Indian forces have responded by enhancing their infrastructure and pursuing acquisitions such because the latest Predator-B deal for armed drones.
During the Galwan conflict, the Indian Army held the frontline however the air power additionally performed a pivotal function by offering backup, assets and transportation to ahead areas. Approximately 68,000 military troops have been airlifted to strategically necessary places. Not solely troops, however 330 BMPs, 90 tanks and artillery weapons have been efficiently transported. Multiple operations have been undertaken to move greater than 9,000 tonnes of provides to those ahead areas.
While the buffer zone technique has been efficient in a number of areas, essential places like Depsang and Demchok stay topics of dialogue and deliberation throughout commander-level talks between the 2 international locations. Recent diplomatic negotiations have yielded no substantial progress, with each international locations holding differing stances.
India stays steadfast that any decision requires de-escalation in japanese Ladakh, whereas China seems inclined to normalise the scenario and stresses on diplomatic relations.